Anxiety and depression treatment.

Anxiety and depression are the most common disorder in patients with somatic diseases in cases of primary care and general medical practice.

Patients’ complaints

The patients experience a variety of symptoms of anxiety and depression. First, there may be identified one or more somatic symptoms (e.g., fatigue, pain, sleep disorders). Further questioning allows concluding the presence of anxiety and / or depression.

Diagnostic signs:

  • Low or sad mood.
  • Loss of interest or feelings of pleasure.
  • Severe anxiety or worry.

The following symptoms are also very common:

  • Sleep disorders;
  • Physical weakness and loss of energy;
  • Fatigue or reduced physical activity;
  • Difficulty in concentrating, restlessness;
  • Impaired concentration;
  • Excited or inhibited movements or speech;
  • Digestive disorders and low appetite;
  • Dry mouth;
  • Stress and worry;
  • Irritability;
  • Tremors;
  • Palpitations;
  • Dizziness;
  • Suicidal thoughts or actions;
  • Decreased libido.

Most depressed patients complain of anxiety, which accompanies all depressive positions. The Taylor’s technique for measuring the level of anxiety is very helpful in diagnostics and allows revealing the degree of anxiety and administering the appropriate treatment, if diagnosis is confirmed. Anxiety and depression treatment may include antianxious agent Tisercin and Amitriptyline, which is used to relieve depression. Intravenous injection of 30 mg of Seduxen leads to drowsiness and reduces anxiety. Further treatment of anxiety and depression with antidepressants leads to remission. The use of pure anxiolytics also can partially attenuate depressive ideas and reduce the feeling of guilt.

The most affordable way of anxiety and depression treatment is sport. There are numerous research works, which show the positive results of physical exercises in reducing the symptoms of anxiety and depression, so psychotherapists should always suggest their patients the moderate physical activity. Physical activity is free and has beneficial effects on mental health, whereas the traditional cognitive-behavioral therapy and drug treatment is not always suitable for all. Physical exercises are an alternative to conventional treatment, which also helps the patients to be motivated and interested in the process of recovery.

Common drugs for anxiety and depression treatment include: Fluoxetine (Prozac), Aurorix (Moclobemid), Befol, Desipramine (Petilil), Sydnophen.

One of the most effective drugs in treatment of anxiety and depression is Fluoxetine. The drug is available in the form of tablets; the second name for Fluoxetine is Prozac. This preparation reduces anxiety and fear, removes the feeling of lethargy (apathy) and longing, improves appetite, sleep, mood and mental activity. The favorable effect comes in two weeks after the first use of the drug.

Anxiety and depression do not lead to physical disabilities, while your psyche becomes seriously affected. It is very difficult to overcome this condition on your own, so you need to seek help from a doctor, who will prescribe you necessary treatment.