Anxiety disorders – how to cure them for good?
The anxiety disorders are also known as avoidant personality disorders. This pathology is characterized by completely unmotivated sense of anxiety, avoidance of social contacts, inferiority complex, the fear of negative evaluation, the high needs for extraordinary physical security.
It has not yet been clearly identified, what causes the development of anxiety disorders. It is believed, that the disease can be provoked with the variety of factors: genetic, psychological and social. Psychological traumas, constant stress situations and over-strain serves as a “fertile ground” for development of the anxiety disorders. Social factors are presented with an accelerated rhythm of life, inflated requirements of others, wrong childrearing practices in the family. It is also necessary to take into account the fact of the previous severe somatic diseases, since some disorders are themselves associated with increased anxiety.
Types of anxiety disorders
According to the International Classification of Diseases of the latest revision, – all anxiety disorders can be divided into:
- phobic anxiety disorders;
- anxiety disorder;
- obsessive-compulsive disorders;
- post-traumatic and adjustment disorder.
Phobic anxiety disorders are manifested with uncontrollable fear and anxiety, accompanied by autonomic dysfunction in certain situations. This induces a person to avoid these situations, as meeting with them would cause a panic attack. Some types of this disease provoke in patients manifestation of specific phobias (social anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, acrophobia, entomophobia, arachnophobia, etc.).
The group of anxiety disorders includes generalized anxiety disorder. It is characterized by a constant painful anxiety, with no relation to the specific situation or object.
The obsessive-compulsive disorder often runs in a chronic form, in this case the intrusive and frightening thoughts intersperse with intrusive actions, used to reduce the level of anxiety.
The post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is accompanied by the painful memories and prolonged feeling of fear after experience of the traumatic situation.
Depressive anxiety disorders are classified as a mixed type of the disease and involves the symptoms of anxiety and depressive disorders.
How to get rid of anxiety disorders?
Treatment of anxiety disorders requires the patience and professional approach, or serious self-help work. If a patient is diagnosed with anxiety disorder, it is necessary to provide a complex therapy. For the drug treatment the tranquilizers, antidepressants, sometimes atypical antipsychotics are used. As a usual, the drug treatment is combined with the breathing exercises and muscle relaxation. Psychotherapeutic methods include the behavioral therapy, in particular, desensitization. Also the cognitive-behavioral therapy, psychodrama, hypnotherapy, auto-training and psychoanalysis can be helpful.
Anxiety disorders becomes more common disease among the people of large cities with their tense pace of life. Take care of your body and mind – it is essential condition for the prevention of mental illness. Healthy diet in combination with vitamins, refusal of harmful habits, proper rest and relaxation will help to minimize the anxiety. At the first signs of disease you should consult a specialist to run the early diagnostics.