Chronic stress. There is a solution!
Originally a stress, as a physiological reaction, has the protective function and helps human body to adjust to the life in dynamic environment. During the stress reaction, the activation of nervous, cardiovascular and endocrine systems occurs, changing all forms of metabolism, reconfiguring the immune system, running the processes needed for the survival of the organism. At the same time, if a person is unable to cope with the situation and the stressors keep on working, – the adaptive abilities of organism become depleted, various disorders appear which indicate the symptoms of chronic stress.
At the background of the chronic stress development you can almost always find a prolonged exposure to the traumatic factors, associated with the negative emotions. In most cases it is a situation, which gives no chance to relax or distract oneself and forget about problems for a while. Often such situation appears as a result of tension in family relationships, problems at work, conflict with friends. The monotonous, unattractive work, lack of interests and hobbies, workaholism, prolonged lack of time off, like weekends and holidays, lack of communication, can also contribute to the development of chronic stress.
Typical symptoms of chronic stress may include:
- Excessive emotional vulnerability, susceptibility, irritability, hyperreaction to situations, self-doubt, distrust in relationships, a tendency to panic and hysterical reactions;
- Sleep disorder – insomnia or hypersomnia;
- Physical weakness, fatigue, inability to rest, lack of positive emotions;
- Digestive disorders, increased or decreased appetite, nausea, heaviness in the abdomen, altered defecation pattern;
- A variety of autonomic disturbances – increased sweating, trembling hands, changes in body temperature;
- Acceleration of the aging process: gray hair, wrinkles on the face and neck, skin laxity, acne, skin flaking, hair loss, brittle nails;
- Sexual problems – impotence, frigidity;
- Alcohol or drugs abuse, excessive smoking;
- Pain in the heart, fluctuating blood pressure;
- Headaches, migraine, dizziness;
- Decrease in immunity, leading to an acute exacerbation of chronic diseases, recurrent colds;
- Problems with concentrations, memory corporals, decreased creative activity;
- High sensitivity to bright light, sound sensitivity;
- Increased physical activity, often – restlessness, or vice verse.
And this is not the full list of problems that arise from chronic stress. If you manage to eliminate the factors that cause chronic stress in time, all manifestations of stress fade away, and the joy of life returns. If you leave everything as it is – the consequence will be the development of serious diseases, such as diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease, strokes, and tumors. In addition, a chronic stress causes early aging and shortens the life span.
Prevention and treatment of the chronic stress may include change of live perspective, positive mental attitude, the broadening of personal interests and outlook, a healthy diet, quitting smoking, drugs and alcohol abuse, normalization of sleep, physical activity and, if necessary – a consultation of psychologist.