Forms of domestic violence. How can you escape?
- violence of parents over the children,
- violence of one spouse over another,
- violence of children and grandchildren over the elderly relatives.
Domestic violence is not just about physical beating. It is a whole system of violent behavior, which is used for establishing power and control over family members.
The domestic violence means any voluntary act of one family member towards another, if this act encroaches on the constitutional rights and liberties of a family member, as a citizen, causing him physical or psychological pain and harm.
There are following forms of domestic violence: physical violence, psychological violence, sexual violence, economic violence. Conventionally, all forms of domestic violence can be divided into two main groups:
- Bodily (physical, economic, sexual)
- Spiritual (psychological, moral)
Thereby, all forms of domestic violence are linked, and also may be manifested altogether.
This form of violence is the easiest to define, because after the battering normally the signs of the injury are obvious: the bruises, scratches, belt marks, etc. Most commonly the physical violence is used against children and women, although there are cases where women and grown children are battering other family members.
Economic form of domestic violence can manifest itself in a different way. For example, a husband can demand the full financial reporting from his wife or accuse the spouse or children of spending too much money.
Sexual violence in the family may include: the enforcement of spouse (or partner) to the “marital duties”, forcing to the sexual relations in the unacceptable manner; incest; etc.
Psychological violence is characterized by some special features of the mental influence on the person – indoctrination, manipulation (ignoring the needs of the partner, isolation from other members of the family, the impedance). Psychological violence is a slap that leaves no signs, the silence instead of words, the contempt instead of attention. This behavioral pattern is often adopted from childhood, from the family of origin. But it does not justify cruelty or suffering that they inflict on another person.
It is considered that the victim of violence in the family is always a woman, but in some families it is right to the opposite. If the most obvious cases of physical violence, naturally, are dominated by men (as they are physically stronger), in the matter of psychological violence, some women are as good as men.
In case of the mental violence, an abuser can deprive his victim of eating, sleeping, can lock a victim in a small dark room (as a child discipline). In result, a person loses control over her/his own life and will and becomes dependent on another person.
The moral violence is a verbal abuse, humiliation, abasement of human dignity, destruction of values and ideals.
Violence against children
Child abuse is intentional or careless actions of adults and/or other children, which lead to the injury, developmental delays or death of a child or thread to the rights and welfare of the child.
The domestic violence against children is a physical and psychological (psycho-emotional) neglect of the basic needs of a child (food, leisure, entertainment, security etc).