PTSD disorder – what is it and how to get rid of it?
In the life of almost every person unfavorable events sometimes happen, which may go way beyond the ordinary life experience and damage a mental health. Events such as war, terrorism, rape, plane crash, natural disasters are traumatic for the most people, and, as the consequences of experienced feelings post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD disorder) can develop.
As far as is common in our society to avoid or deny negative events, a man, who has gone through severe traumatic situation, can find no support in managing his condition and refuses to pay attention to what have happened.
However, a traumatic experience can stay and manifest in the following symptoms:
- Sleep disorders: insomnia or sleep disruption;
- Recurring nightmares of the traumatic event;
- Obsessive thoughts related to the traumatic event;
- The rise of feelings and actions, which predominated in traumatic experience;
- Body sensations, similar to sensations of traumatic experience ;
- Forgetting of traumatic episodes;
- Inability to focus, memory impairment;
- Irritability and outbursts of anger;
- Internal tension;
- Feeling of insecurity and anxiety;
- Depression, thoughts of death;
- Loss of interest in favorite activities and so on.
These symptoms can occur soon after the traumatic event or can be delayed and appear a few years later.
All animals and humans have a “built-in” innate tolerance of stressful situations so that they were not traumatic and, accordingly, could exclude the possibility of PTSD disorder development. So, why animals are not vulnerable to PTSD unlike the humans? As opposed to a homo sapiens, animals live in accordance with their body and its reactions.
In a moment of danger the animal body undergoes some specific changes. If the animal survives a dangerous situation, the resulting changes should be brought back to normal state, where all the excessive tension is gone. Then the animal goes back to its normal life and PTSD disorder does not occur.
The same “reset” mechanism is in humans. However, humans have minds and are able to control the body reaction, including emotions, which arise during the “reset”. For example, a person gets into a car accident and handles a stress, holding back his emotions to look strong, courageous and collected in the eyes of others. Thus, accumulated tension remains in the body.
In addition, people often blame themselves for what they have done wrong, and so on. In result, they get “stuck” in traumatic event. In fact, in emergency situations people can not behave “improperly”, – if they survived, then it is their behavior, which helped them to make this. However, if a stressful situation is not worked out, then the traumatic behavior can be reproduced over and over again.
Also, after a stressful situation a person gets altered feelings of security and starts to think that the world has changed, and it is unsafe now. Therefore, it is important to restore the connection with a real world and the feeling of its safety.
Therefore, if you are experiencing some of the above symptoms, you need to see a specialist to work with your trauma and PTSD disorder.