Types of stress
The concept of stress is normally used to describe effects of various external factors on the human body that causes emotional, psychological or physical tension. Wide variety of stressful situations typically includes unusual or traumatic events in everyday life, which sometimes take place without attracting any attention. But in the process of interaction with the outside world we have to deal with more significant and perceptible stressors to which the human body can react differently.
There are several types of the stress:
- Emotionally positive and emotionally negative;
- Short-term and long-term, or in other words, acute and chronic;
- Physiological and psychological. The latter, in turn, is divided into informational and emotional.
Types of stress: emotionally positive and negative
Stress can be emotionally negative or positive. In case of a positive emotional stress the stressful situation lasts for a short period of time and you can control it, usually in these cases you have nothing to fear: your body will be able cope, to rest and recover quickly. In most cases we experience positive emotions and do not hide them. Although there is a well-known fact that strong positive emotions in people with delicate physical or mental health can lead to some serious consequences, including heart attacks and strokes. In case of the negative emotional stress, these days it is much more difficult to give expression to emotions adequately, and emotions is the primary reaction to stress.
Types of stress: acute and chronic
A distinction is made between the short-term (acute) and the long-term (chronic) type of stress. They have different effects on health. The long-term type poses far more serious threat to our health.
The acute type of stress is defined by the speed and suddenness of its occurrence. The extreme of the acute stress is shock. All of us came through the shocking situation at least once.
A shock and acute stress may turn into long-term chronic stress. Even after the stressful situation itself has passed, and you seem to have recovered from the shock, memories of this experience may come back again and again. The long-term stress doesn’t have to be the result of the acute stress; it often can develop due to seemingly minor factors, but with the constant and multiple influences (e.g., being dissatisfied with a job, strained relations with colleagues and relatives, etc.).
Types of stress: physiological and psychological
Physiological stress can be caused by direct effects of various negative factors (pain, cold, heat, hunger, thirst, physical overwork, etc.) on the human body.
Psychological stress is triggered by more subtle and often subjective things, like: deceit, insult, threat, danger, information overload, etc.
Emotional stress occurs in situations of direct danger the one’s safety (crime, accidents, war, serious illness, etc.), social status of a person, economic well-being or interpersonal relationships (job loss, family problems, etc.).
Stress may as well occur in case of information overload, when a person carrying a full responsibility is not able to make the right decisions in a proper time. Various types of dispatchers, traffic controllers or operators of the technical management systems are especially vulnerable to this type of stress.
Regardless of the nature and types of stress, the most important is to start dealing with it in time, so don’t let the stress ruin your health.