What is an anxiety disorder?

What is an anxiety disorder? Well, anxiety is a natural response of the human body and psyche to the danger. It is a complex emotional state, the center of which is fear. Often the cause of fear remains unexplained. In addition to fear one may experience a number of other emotions during anxiety.

What is the purpose of anxiety?

We worry because of our intelligence that enables us to predict the future. And when we foresee negative results, we experience anxiety. In this case, it calls us to action, so that we could deal with the potential danger.

What causes anxiety?

Anxiety arises under stressful circumstances and in a state of uncertainty (before important event, moving to a new place, marriage, birth of a child, or during dangerous occurrences). When the stressful situation is over, the anxiety goes away.

When anxiety becomes a problem?

  • You constantly feel tensed and on edge;
  • You anxiety persists even if the stressful situation has gone;
  • There is no obvious reason for being anxious;
  • Anxiety becomes uncontrollable and interferes with your daily life;
  • You are haunted by the feeling of impending danger;
  • Sudden bouts of uncontrollable fear and panic.

Anxiety disorders

In modern medicine and psychology a term “anxiety disorder” is used to denote a situation where the state of awareness becomes a real life problem for the individual.

Anxiety disorder:

  • is extremely widespread (9% of the population are suffering at the moment);
  • is not just a stressful condition;
  • often remains undetected and thus a person get used to the idea that this feeling is natural;
  • is not a madness and insanity;
  • is not all doom and gloom ;
  • is treatable.

Anxiety disorders include:

  • Panic disorder (spontaneous attacks of fear, which have no visible connection with the specific situation or object);
  • Agoraphobia (a fear of crowds, public places and open spaces);
  • Generalized anxiety disorder (generalized anxiety appears in the form of constant worry about different situations and objects);
  • Social phobia (a fear of social events);
  • Specific phobias (a fear of animals, birds, insects, heights, thunder, flying, small enclosed spaces, sight of blood, dentists, hospitals etc.);
  • Mixed anxiety-depressive disorder (a common representation of symptoms of anxiety and depression).

What are the common symptoms of anxiety disorder?

Mental symptoms(emotional and behavioral):

  • Anxiety and restlessness occur frequently and regularly and / or is paroxysmal in nature;
  • Avoidance of situations, places and things that can cause increased anxiety;
  • A sense of fear;
  • Difficulty concentrating;
  • A feeling of tension and nervousness;
  • A sense of foreboding or impending danger;
  • Irritability;
  • Inability to relax;
  • Fatigue;
  • Persistent disturbing thoughts, even if they appear senseless and unfounded to others.

Physical (biological) symptoms:

  • Palpitations;
  • Digestive disorders;
  • Dizziness;
  • Frequent urination or diarrhea;
  • Sweating;
  • Cold hands and feet;
  • Shortness of breath;
  • Inability to relax;
  • Muscle tension (in shoulders and neck);
  • Tremor;
  • Headaches;
  • Insomnia;
  • General weakness.

What causes the anxiety disorder?

There is a number of factors which may lead to the development of anxiety disorder:

  • Personal factors;
  • Stressful life events;
  • Genetic predisposition.

Acceptence of the problem associated with anxiety disorder – is the first step in solving this problem. If you notice the signs of anxiety disorder – you need to see a therapist and he will help you.

References: Wikipedia on anxiety disorder